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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1987 Oct 16;903(3):417-24.

The hemagglutinins of the human influenza viruses A and B recognize different receptor microdomains.

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Department of Biochemistry, Shizuoka College of Pharmacy, Japan.


A cryptically I-active sialylglycoprotein (glycoprotein 2) isolated from bovine erythrocyte membranes as Sendai virus receptor (Suzuki, Y., Suzuki, T. and Matsumoto, M. (1983) J. Biochem. 93, 1621-1633) contains N-glycolylneuraminic acid (NeuGc) as its predominate sialic acid and exhibits poor receptor activity for a variety of influenza viruses. Enzymatic modification of asialoglycoprotein-2 to contain N-acetylneuraminic acid (NeuAc) in the NeuAc alpha 2-3Gal and NeuAc alpha 2-6Gal sequences using specific sialyltransferase resulted in the appearance of receptor activity toward human influenza viruses A and B. The biological responsiveness chicken erythrocytes treated with sialidase and then reconstituted with derivatized glycoprotein 2 showed considerable recovery to influenza virus hemagglutinin-mediated agglutination, low-pH fusion and hemolysis. Specific hemagglutination inhibition activity of derivatized glycoprotein 2 was 5-16-times higher than that of human glycophorin. A/PR/8/34 (H1N1) virus preferentially recognized derivatized glycoprotein 2 containing NeuAc alpha 2-3Gal sequence over that containing NeuAc alpha 2-6Gal while the specificity of A/Aichi/2/68 (H3N2) for the sialyl linkages was reversed. B/Lee virus recognized both sequences almost equally. The biological responsiveness to the viruses of the erythrocytes labeled with the derivatized glycoprotein 2 containing NeuGc was considerably lower than that of derivatized glycoprotein 2 containing NeuAc. The results demonstrate that the hemagglutinins of human isolates of influenza viruses A and B differ in the recognition of microdomains (NeuAc, NeuGc) of the receptors for binding and fusion activities in viral penetration and the sequence to which sialic acid (SA) is attached (SA alpha 2-3Gal, SA alpha 2-6Gal). Inner I-active neolacto-series type II sugar chains may be important in revealing the receptor activity toward the hemagglutinin of both human influenza viruses A and B.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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