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Biol Chem Hoppe Seyler. 1987 Aug;368(8):963-70.

cDNA cloning of human inter-alpha-trypsin inhibitor discloses three different proteins.

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Abteilung für Klinische Chemie und Klinische Biochemie in der Chirurgischen Klinik Innenstadt der Universität München.


Inter-alpha-trypsin inhibitor (ITI) is a serum protein of unknown function. Part of the molecule (formerly called HI30) is closely related to a tumor-derived protein acting as a growth factor for endothelial cells. We screened a human liver cDNA expression library with antibodies raised against human ITI and isolated several clones which could be divided into three groups according to their DNA sequences. The cDNA of the first group codes for a protein composed of alpha 1-microglobulin (alpha 1M) and urinary trypsin inhibitor (UTI) and is identical to that encoded by a clone originally found by screening a human liver cDNA library with oligonucleotides derived from amino-acid sequences of the two Kunitz-type domains of UTI. The proteins derived from the cDNA of the second and the third group of clones are distantly related to each other, but unrelated to the protein derived from group 1 clones. Partial amino-acid sequencing of ITI isolated from serum allowed the verification of large parts of the cDNA-derived amino-acid sequences. The results favour the view that ITI is not a single chain protein, but rather a very tight complex of several components or a mixture of such complexes.

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