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Acta Endocrinol (Copenh). 1987 Sep;116(1):102-7.

The influence of free fatty acids on the free fraction of thyroid hormones in serum as estimated by ultrafiltration.

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1
Department of Internal Medicine E, Frederiksberg Hospital, Denmark.

Abstract

Thyroid hormones are displaced from their binding proteins in serum during nonthyroidal somatic illness, and FFA have been claimed to contribute. It seems mandatory to evaluate this effect using techniques for the measurements of serum free thyroid hormones in which serum remains undiluted. We measured the effect of 7 common human FFA on the free fraction of T4, T3 and rT3 in serum from healthy subjects using an ultrafiltration technique by which serum is diluted only minimally. In addition we measured the effect of oleic acid on the free fractions of the iodothyronines in pooled serum from healthy subjects and in pooled serum from patients with nonthyroidal illness. All FFA tested were able to displace both T4, T3 and rT3, but to a varying degree, arachidonic and linoleic acid being the most potent ones. A 20% increase in the free fractions of T4, T3 and rT3, respectively, was obtained by adding between 1.7-3.3 mmol/l, 1.3-4.6 mmol/l and 1.0-2.4 mmol/l of the different FFA. A serum pool obtained from patients with nonthyroidal somatic illness was more sensitive to oleic acid than a serum pool obtained from healthy subjects, since 2-3 times less oleic acid was necessary to induce a 20% increase in the free fractions of thyroid hormones. It is concluded that FFA are able to displace both T4, T3 and rT3 from their serum binding proteins in healthy subjects as well as in patients with nonthyroidal illness. However, serum from patients with nonthyroidal illness was more sensitive to the displacing activity of oleic acid than serum from healthy subjects.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

PMID:
3661050
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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