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J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1987 Oct;94(4):582-90.

Actuarial survival, freedom from reoperation, and other events after repair of atrioventricular septal defects.

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Department of Surgery, Deborah Heart and Lung Center, Browns Mills, N.J. 08015.


Repair of an atrioventricular septal defect was performed in 134 patients from 1973 to 1985. Interventricular communication was present in 54 (40%) and none was present in 80 (60%). There were 12 hospital deaths (9%; 70% confidence limits 6%-12%). Earlier date of operation (p = 0.03) and younger age at repair (p = 0.005) were incremental risk factors for hospital death after repair of partial atrioventricular septal defect. Smaller size (p = 0.003) and longer cross-clamp time (p = 0.002) were risk factors for hospital death in those patients with complete atrioventricular septal defect. Higher preoperative pulmonary vascular resistance was a risk factor for death in both groups (p = 0.007). The 10 year actuarial survival rate was 82% overall. Increasing preoperative severity of left atrioventricular valve incompetence was not a risk factor for early (p = 0.001) or late (p = 0.002) death. The 10 year actuarial freedom from reoperation after repair of partial atrioventricular defects was 85%, and it was 68% for complete atrioventricular defects (p = 0.06). We conclude that the intermediate term results after repair of atrioventricular septal defects are good. Incompetence of the left atrioventricular valve has apparently been neutralized as a risk factor for hospital death in this series. However, the durability of the repair has been disappointing. A policy of earlier repair has been adopted and should improve hospital mortality and permit better preservation of the atrioventricular valve structures with resultant improved late term functional status.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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