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Diabetologia. 1987 Aug;30(8):610-7.

Central role for sodium in the pathogenesis of blood pressure changes independent of angiotensin, aldosterone and catecholamines in type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus.

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Steno Memorial Hospital, Gentofte, Denmark.


We studied 73 Type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetic patients, 18 to 50 years of age, with a diabetes duration of more than five years. Group 1: normal urinary albumin excretion below 30 mg per 24 h (n = 19); group 2: microalbuminuria, 30-300 mg per 24 h (n = 36); and group 3: diabetic nephropathy, above 300 mg per 24 h (n = 18). Fifteen nondiabetic persons matched for sex and age served as control subjects. The sodium intake evaluated on the basis of 24-h urine sodium excretion was similar in patients and control subjects. Blood pressure in groups 1 and 2 and control subjects was below 160/95 mmHg. The blood pressure was increased in group 3 as compared with the other groups (systolic/diastolic 161 +/- 22/101 +/- 9 mmHg vs 131 +/- 13/84 +/- 10, mean +/- SD, p less than 0.0001). Exchangeable sodium was increased in patients (p less than 0.01) and correlated to the mean blood pressure (n = 70, r = 0.41, p less than 0.01). Extracellular volume was increased in patients (p less than 0.05), whereas plasma volume was normal. Supine serum angiotensin II was suppressed in the patients (p less than 0.001). A negative correlation was found between mean blood pressure and supine serum aldosterone (n = 68, r = -0.24, p less than 0.05), and exchangeable sodium and aldosterone (n = 66, r = -0.36, p less than 0.002) in all patients. The catecholamine levels were also suppressed or normal in the patients.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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