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Dev Biol. 1987 Oct;123(2):549-58.

Control of isotubulin expression during neuronal differentiation of mouse neuroblastoma and teratocarcinoma cell lines.

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Laboratoire de Biochimie Cellulaire, Collège de France, Paris.

Erratum in

  • Dev Biol 1988 Mar;126(1):215.


Mouse neuroblastoma and teratocarcinoma constitute adequate cellular systems to study the expression of tubulin isoforms during early as well as later steps of neuronal differentiation. Tubulin heterogeneity is extensively analyzed using both isoelectric focusing and two-dimensional electrophoresis. Multipotential embryonal carcinoma cells express mainly one alpha-tubulin isoform (alpha 1) and three beta-tubulin isoforms: a major one (beta 3) and two minor ones (beta 4 and beta 5). Early events of neuronal differentiation are shown to induce the expression of an additional beta-tubulin isoform, beta'1, which is encoded by a specific mRNA. Neurite extension further increases tubulin heterogeneity and leads to the appearance of post-translationally modified isoforms: beta'2 in neuroblastoma and alpha 2 in teratocarcinoma cells. beta' 2 is shown to derive from the above mentioned beta'1 by phosphorylation, while alpha 2 is probably an acetylated form of the common alpha 1-tubulin. These results show that specific changes in tubulin heterogeneity are induced at different steps of neuronal differentiation and are controlled both at the transcriptional (or post-transcriptional) and post-translational levels.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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