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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1978 Dec 18;544(3):540-6.

Quinones as hydrogen carriers for a late step in anaerobic heme biosynthesis in Escherichia coli.


A late step in anaerobic heme synthesis, the oxidation of protoprophyrinogen with fumarate as electron acceptor, was studied in extracts and particles of Escherichia coli mutants deficient in quinones or cytochromes. Mutants specifically deficient in menaquinone did not couple protoporphyrinogen oxidation to fumarate reduction, whereas mutants containing menaquinone but deficient in either ubiquinone or cytochromes exhibited this activity. These findings indicate that this coupled reaction is dependent upon menaquinone as hydrogen carrier but independent of ubiquinone and cytochromes. Other characteristics of this coupled reaction were also studied. The activity was located exclusively in the membrane fraction of cell-free extracts. Coproporphyrinogen III could not replace protoporphyrinogen as substrate. Methylene blue, triphenyl tetrazolium and nitrate, but not nitrite, could replace fumarate as anaerobic hydrogen acceptor. These findings have implications for the mechanism and regulation of microbial heme and chlorophyll synthesis and for the physiology of cytochrome synthesis in anaerobic microorganisms.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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