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Cancer Res. 1987 Oct 15;47(20):5439-44.

Inhibition of lymphoma invasion and liver metastasis formation by pertussis toxin.

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Division of Cell Biology, Netherlands Cancer Institute (Antoni van Leeuwenhoek Huis), Amsterdam.


We have examined whether pertussis toxin, an agent known to inhibit entry of normal lymphocytes into tissues, affects invasion and metastasis formation by malignant lymphoma and T-cell hybridoma cells. The toxin reduced invasion in vitro in hepatocyte cultures to 20% of control values. Inhibition was maximal after pretreatment for 2 h with approximately 100 ng/ml. The effect of pretreatment with 1 to 5 micrograms toxin/ml for 4 h persisted for at least 5 days, despite a more than 100-fold increase in cell number. The proliferation rate was not affected. Liver metastasis formation after tail vein injection of TAM2D2 T-cell hybridoma cells in syngeneic AKR mice, measured as liver weight, was reduced to 10 to 25% of controls after pretreatment of the cells for 4 h with 1 microgram pertussis toxin/ml. Metastasis to kidneys, ovaries, and lymph nodes was not, or less evidently, affected. With MB6A lymphosarcoma cells no effect was seen after treatment with 1 microgram/ml, but a significant reduction of the liver tumor burden to approximately 50% of controls was achieved by treatment with at least 5 micrograms toxin/ml. Spleen metastasis by MB6A cells was not affected. These results provide evidence for a similarity in invasion mechanisms of normal and malignant lymphoid cells, and they suggest that invasiveness is an important factor in the formation of lymphoma metastases, particularly in the liver.

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