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Crit Care Med. 1978 Sep-Oct;6(5):320-2.

The effects of expiratory positive airway pressure on functional residual capacity in normal subjects.


Functional residual capacity (FRC) was determined by constant volume, whole body plethysmography in seven normal subjects under resting conditions and following the addition of increasing levels of expiratory positive airway pressure (EPAP). There was a significant increase in FRC in six of the seven subjects studied. Grouped data showed a progressive increase in FRC with increasing EPAP (p less than 0.01). The highest level of EPAP (15 cm H2O) was associated with a 20% increase in FRC. We have been able to confirm that EPAP provides a simple and effective method of increasing FRC which could be applied to the treatment of conditions characterized by temporary and reversible reduction in lung volume.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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