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Biochem Pharmacol. 1987 Sep 15;36(18):2899-904.

N-acetylcysteine and glutathione-dependent protective effect of PZ51 (Ebselen) against diquat-induced cytotoxicity in isolated hepatocytes.


The glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px)-like reduction of H2O2 by the selenoorganic compound 2-phenyl-1,2-benzoisoselenazol-3(H)-one (PZ51: Ebselen) was studied using glutathione (GSH) and the therapeutic agent N-acetylcysteine (NAC) to provide reducing equivalents. In a purely chemical system containing H2O2 and in an enzymatic system of glucose/glucose oxidase-generated H2O2 Ebselen alone did not reduce H2O2. Ebselen in combination with either GSH (1 mM) or NAC (1 mM) was capable of reducing H2O2 in both systems. In these non-cellular systems GSH was a more effective source of reducing equivalents than NAC. The GSH-Px-like activity of Ebselen was further investigated in a cellular system. The redox-cycling bipyridylium compound diquat generates active oxygen species, depletes intracellular glutathione, and is cytotoxic in isolated hepatocytes pretreated with the glutathione reductase inhibitor 1,3-bis(Z-chloro-ethyl)-1-nitrosourea (BCNU). Ebselen alone did not ameliorate diquat cytotoxicity, but in combination with either GSH (1 mM) or NAC (1 mM) it produced a significant delay in diquat-induced cytotoxicity. Further additions of either GSH (0.5 mM) or NAC (0.5 mM) at 30 min intervals provided significantly more protection against diquat-induced cytotoxicity and intracellular GSH depletion than the single 1 mM addition. Thus, the combination of Ebselen and NAC may provide an effective antidote in cases of overexposure to bipyridylium herbicides, such as diquat and paraquat.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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