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Am J Vet Res. 1987 Aug;48(8):1244-9.

Pharmacokinetics and interactions of digoxin with phenobarbital in dogs.


In one experiment, 5 dogs were administered digoxin (0.022 mg/kg of body weight, IV), were rested for 2 weeks, were then given phenobarbital (13.2 mg/kg orally) for 14 days, and then were given digoxin again (0.022 mg/kg, IV). Comparing prephenobarbital (control) digoxin half-lives of 42.4 +/- 8.8 hours and postphenobarbital digoxin half-lives of 18.0 +/- 2.2 hours, the half-life was significantly (P less than 0.05) decreased after phenobarbital administration. Clearance was increased by 84%, and the volume of distribution given was decreased by 34%. In a second experiment, 5 dogs were given digoxin (0.022 mg/kg, orally) daily for 11 days, and the digoxin kinetics were evaluated after the last dosing. The dogs were then rested and given phenobarbital (13.2 mg/kg, orally) once daily for 14 days and digoxin (0.022 mg/kg) once daily for 11 days, and the pharmacokinetics of digoxin was determined on the last day of dosing. Significant differences in steady-state serum concentrations and the pharmacokinetics of digoxin were not found between the control and phenobarbital phases of the experiment. Mean (+/- SD) half-lives of digoxin were 29.0 +/- 7.2 hours before phenobarbital treatment (control) and were 34.8 +/- 7.2 hours after phenobarbital treatment. In comparing results of the single-dose experiment vs the oral multiple-dose experiment, dogs had shorter half-lives for digoxin after multiple dosing. Therefore, if phenobarbital and digoxin are to be chronically coadministered orally, an adjustment in the digoxin dose is not necessary.

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