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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1978 Dec 4;514(1):69-82.

Interactions between lipopolysaccharide and phosphatidylethanolamine in molecular monolayers.


Lipopolysaccharide and phosphatidylethanolamine are the two major lipid constituents of the membrane of Salmonella typhimurium. Interactions between the purified lipopolysaccharide and phosphatidylethanolamine were studied in molecular monolayers at air-water interfaces. The equilibrium surface pressures of mixed films of lipopolysaccharide and phosphatidylethanolamine were determined as a function of the film composition. The plot of the equilibrium surface pressrue vs. the area occupied by phosphatidylethanolamine molecules exhibited two distinct regions. Below a phosphatidylethanolamine surface concentration at which 55% of the surface was occupied by phosphatidylethanolamine molecules, the equilibrium pressure was invariant and had the value of a pure lipopolysaccharide monolayer at maximum compression. At phosphatidylethanolamine surface concentrations in excess of 55% surface area occupation (phosphatidylethanolamine/lipopolysaccharide (mol/mol) greater than 16), the equilibrium surface pressure was a function of the surface concentration of phosphatidylethanolamine. The results suggest a simple model in which lipopolysaccharide and phosphatidylethanolamine form a complex in which each lipopolysaccharide molecule is surrounded ("lipidated") by a shell of approx. 16 phosphatidylethanolamine molecules.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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