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Virology. 1987 Sep;160(1):191-202.

Complete nucleotide sequence of the M RNA segment of Uukuniemi virus encoding the membrane glycoproteins G1 and G2.


We have determined the complete nucleotide sequence of the virion M RNA segment of Uukuniemi virus (Uukuvirus genus, Bunyaviridae) from cloned cDNA. The RNA that encodes the two membrane glycoproteins G1 and G2 is 3231 residues long (mol wt 1.1 X 10(6)). The 5' and 3' ends of the RNA are partially complementary to each other for some 30 bp, enabling the formation of a stable panhandle structure (delta G = -40 kcal/mol) and the circularization of the molecule. The extreme 5' and 3' terminal nucleotides are identical for 10 to 13 residues to those of the M RNA of Punta Toro and Rift Valley fever viruses, two members of the Phlebovirus genus. A single open reading frame comprising 1008 amino acid residues (mol wt 113,588) was found in the mRNA-sense strand between nucleotides 18 and 3042. This probably corresponds to the previously identified 110,000-Da precursor (p110) of G1 and G2. By comparing the partial aminoterminal sequences of purified G1 and G2 with the deduced protein sequence we confirmed that the gene order is NH2-G1-G2-COOH. Both mature G1 and G2 are preceded by a stretch of 17 predominantly hydrophobic amino acids likely to represent the signal sequences. At their COOH-terminal ends, G1 and G2 have a hydrophobic stretch of amino acids, 19 and 27 residues, respectively, that probably anchors the proteins to the lipid bilayer. The sequence indicates that mature G2 is 495 amino acids long (mol wt 54,869), whereas the exact size of G1 is unclear, since the location of the COOH-terminus of G1 is not known. An upper value of 479 amino acids (mol wt 55,181) can, however, be suggested. Both G1 and G2 contain four potential glycosylation sites for Asn-linked glycans and both are unusually rich in cysteines, 6.1% in G1 and 5.4% in G2. Comparison of the amino acid sequence of the M RNA product of Uukuniemi virus with that of Punta Toro and Rift Valley fever viruses showed in both cases a weak homology that was more pronounced for the proteins located at the COOH-terminal end of the precursor. This suggests a distant evolutionary relationship between the Phlebo- and Uukuvirus genera.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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