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Mutat Res. 1987 Sep;184(2):147-51.

Hypersensitivity of Bloom's syndrome fibroblasts to N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea.


Fibroblast cells from two Japanese patients with Bloom's syndrome (BS) and normal donors were studied for the inactivation of colony-forming ability and the induction of sister-chromatid exchanges (SCEs) after N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea (ENU) treatment. The reduction of ENU-induced SCEs as a function of post-treatment incubation time was also compared between BS and normal fibroblasts. BS cells were approximately 4 times more sensitive than normal cells to the lethal effect of ENU and remarkably hypersensitive to the SCE induction by ENU. The post-treatment incubation of ENU-treated normal cells in the fresh medium resulted in a time-dependent decrease of the SCE level until 6 h after which time the SCE level remained the plateau of about 50% of the initial level. In contrast, the ENU-induced SCEs in BS cells decreased much more slowly with post-treatment incubation time and its half life was 24 h. These results collectively support the view that BS cells may be defective in the rapid repair of certain type(s) of DNA damages induced by ENU.

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