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J Mol Cell Cardiol. 1987 Jun;19(6):603-14.

Protective effects of amiodarone pretreatment on mitochondrial function and high energy phosphates in ischaemic rat heart.


The effects of the antianginal and antiarrhythmic drug amiodarone on mitochondrial function and high-energy phosphate content were assessed during normothermic ischaemic cardiac arrest and reperfusion in Langendorff-perfused rat heart. Total ischaemia for 30 min at 37 degrees C produced highly significant changes in mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation and high-energy phosphate content. Pretreatment of the rats with one single dose of amiodarone (20 mg/kg i.v., 30 min before killing) markedly attenuated the deleterious effect of ischaemia on mitochondrial function and slightly reduced ATP depletion. In normally perfused hearts, amiodarone pretreatment did not modify any parameter of mitochondrial respiratory function nor did it influence high-energy phosphate or glycogen content. After reperfusion for 15 min, amiodarone-treated hearts showed improved recovery of mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation and tissue high-energy phosphate content as compared to control hearts. Pretreatment of hearts with amiodarone did not reduce ischaemia-induced leakage of total adenylic nucleotides but highly significantly reduced lactate dehydrogenase release during reperfusion. These results indicate that amiodarone could exert substantial protection on the infarcting myocardium.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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