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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1987 Sep 14;930(2):179-92.

31P-NMR studies of phosphate transfer rates in T47D human breast cancer cells.


The concentration of phosphates and the kinetics of phosphate transfer reactions were measured in the human breast cancer cell line, T47D, using 31P-NMR spectroscopy. The cells were embedded in agarose filaments and perifused with oxygenated medium during the NMR measurements. The following phosphates were identified in spectra of perifused cells and of cell extracts: phosphorylcholine (PC), phosphorylethanolamine (PE), the glycerol derivatives of PC and PE, inorganic phosphate (Pi), phosphocreatine (PCr), nucleoside triphosphate (primarily ATP) and uridine diphosphate glucose. The rates of the transfers: PC----gamma ATP (0.2 mM/s), Pi----gamma ATP (0.2 mM/s) and the conversion beta ATP----beta ADP (1.3 mM/s) were determined from analysis of data obtained in steady-state saturation transfer and inversion recovery experiments. Data from spectrophotometric assays of the specific activity of creatine kinase (approx. 0.1 mumol/min per mg protein) and adenylate kinase (approx. 0.4 mumol/min per mg protein) suggest that the beta ATP----beta ADP rate is dominated by the latter reaction. The ratio between the rate of ATP synthesis from Pi and the rate of consumption of oxygen atoms (4 X 10(-3) mM/s) was approx. 50. This high value and preliminary measurements of the rate of lactate production from glucose, indicated that aerobic glycolysis is the main pathway of ATP synthesis.

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