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J Pediatr Surg. 1987 Jul;22(7):623-7.

Is preserving the entire aganglionic colon reasonable in the surgical treatment of total colonic aganglionosis?


Clinical reports describe an increased incidence of severe enterocolitis in infants with total colonic aganglionosis (TCA) following the Martin extended Duhamel procedure using the entire aganglionic colon. This study evaluates the efficacy of this procedure in an experimental model of TCA in comparison with an antimesenteric aganglionic colon patch in rats. TCA was produced by serosal application of 0.1% benzalkonium chloride in 18 Sprague-Dawley rats (250 g). Five additional rats served as operated controls. Ileoanal pull-through was performed in 18 TCA rats, in conjunction with the Martin extended Duhamel procedure using the entire colon in six rats, with an aganglionic colon patch in nine (using the right [3 rats], transverse [3 rats] and left [3 rats] colon), and without other procedures in three rats. Animals were evaluated for survival, weight change, food intake, stool consistency and volume, barium enema, complete blood cell count (CBC), total protein, and serum electrolytes at 4 and 12 weeks. Survival was 83% (5/6) rats with the Martin procedure, 100% in the nine rats with various colon patches, zero in three rats with ileoanal pull-through alone, and 100% in controls. Rats with the Martin procedure gained 2.2 +/- 3.27% of preoperative weight, while controls gained 11.2 +/- 0.52% at 4 weeks. All other rats showed an early weight loss. At 12 weeks, right and transverse colon patched rats had weight gain. Blood count and laboratory studies were similar in each group. Barium enema showed rapid transit in rats with ileoanal pull-through, and slower transit in rats with colon patches or the Martin procedure.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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