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J Biol Chem. 1987 Jul 25;262(21):10290-5.

Identification of the post-translational modifications of the core-specific lectin. The core-specific lectin contains hydroxyproline, hydroxylysine, and glucosylgalactosylhydroxylysine residues.


The core-specific lectin (CSL) synthesized and secreted by rat hepatocytes and the rat hepatoma H-4-II-E shows affinity for mannose and N-acetylglucosamine residues in the "core" region of asparagine-linked oligosaccharides. The CSL undergoes two stages of post-translational modification which result in an increase in its Mr from 24,000 to 26,000 by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. We have determined that the lectin undergoes hydroxylation of proline and lysine and that the hydroxylysine is glycosylated to form glucosylgalactosylhydroxylysine (GlcGalHyLys). CSL metabolically labeled with [3H]lysine and [3H]proline contains hydroxylated forms of proline and lysine. The mature form of the lectin can also be metabolically labeled with [3H]galactose. alpha,alpha'-Dipyridyl, an inhibitor of collagen prolyl and lysyl hydroxylases, prevents the metabolic incorporation of [3H]galactose and the post-translational increases in the Mr of the CSL, indicating that both events are dependent upon hydroxylation of proline and lysine. Virtually all of the hydroxylysine present in the CSL is recovered as glucosylgalactosylhydroxylysine after alkaline hydrolysis. The post-translational modifications of the CSL place it in a select family of secreted proteins which contain collagen-like sequences, including the pulmonary surfactant proteins, complement component C1q, and the 18 S asymmetric form of acetylcholinesterase.

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