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Food Chem Toxicol. 1987 May;25(5):363-8.

Differential induction of mixed-function oxidase (MFO) activity in rat liver and intestine by diets containing processed cabbage: correlation with cabbage levels of glucosinolates and glucosinolate hydrolysis products.


Both white and Savoy-type cabbage added to a semi-purified diet at 25% dry weight and fed to rats ad lib. for 5 days significantly induced ethoxyresorufin (ERR) deethylation in the small and large intestine. Savoy cabbage also induced hepatic activity and, in general, exhibited a greater inducing effect than white cabbage. These enzyme-inducing effects were altered when the cabbage had been processed. The content of intact glucosinolate was greater in Savoy than in white cabbage. The indole glucosinolate (glucobrassicin) content of both types of cabbage was approximately halved by cooking but was unaffected by fermentation, whilst homogenization of Savoy cabbage led to the total disappearance of intact glucosinolates. Levels of the indole glucosinolate breakdown products ascorbigen and indole-3-carbinol were highest in homogenized cabbage, and ascorbigen levels were also higher in cooked than in fresh cabbage of either type. When added to the semi-purified diet and fed ad lib. to rats for 5 days, indole-3-carbinol was a potent inducer of hepatic ERR deethylation and cytochrome P-450 activity, but had much less effect in the intestine. Other glucobrassicin metabolites, diindolylmethane and indole-3-acetonitrile, also had some inducing effect in the liver but no effect in the intestine, while ascorbigen significantly induced ERR deethylation in the small and large intestine but had no effect on hepatic MFO activity.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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