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Cell. 1987 Aug 14;50(4):555-63.

Tumors secreting human TNF/cachectin induce cachexia in mice.


Anorexia and weight loss are serious complications that adversely effect the prognosis of cancer patients. It has been suggested that TNF/cachectin may cause cachexia. To determine if TNF/cachectin can induce progressive weight loss in tumor-bearing animals, a clone of the human TNF/cachectin gene was isolated and inserted into a mammalian expression vector. This construct was transfected into CHO cells, and a cell line (CHO/TNF-20) that secretes TNF/cachectin was isolated. A cell line (CHO/CMV-Neo) that contains the same expression vector without the TNF/cachectin gene was also isolated. Nude mice injected intraperitoneally with CHO/TNF-20 cells died more quickly than mice injected with CHO/CMV-Neo cells. Eighty-seven percent of mice inoculated intramuscularly with CHO/TNF-20 cells developed severe cachexia and weight loss. All mice bearing CHO/CMV-Neo tumors maintained or increased their body weight. We conclude that mice bearing tumors that secrete TNF/cachectin develop progressive wasting and die more quickly than mice bearing control tumors.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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