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Biochem Med Metab Biol. 1987 Jun;37(3):344-9.

Calculation of inhibitor Ki and inhibitor type from the concentration of inhibitor for 50% inhibition for Michaelis-Menten enzymes.


The use of I50 (concentration of inhibitor required for 50% inhibition) for enzyme or drug studies has the disadvantage of not allowing easy comparison among data from different laboratories or under different substrate conditions. Modifications of the Michaelis-Menten equation for treatment of inhibitors can allow both the determination of the type of inhibition (competitive, noncompetitive, and uncompetitive) and the Ki for the inhibitor. For competitive and uncompetitive inhibitors when the assay conditions are [S] = Km, then Ki = I50/2. For different conditions of [S] there is a divergence between competitive and uncompetitive inhibitors that may be used to identify the type of inhibitor. The equation for Ki also differs. For noncompetitive inhibitors the Ki = I50 and this relationship is valid with changing [S]. The equations developed require a single substrate, reversible-type inhibitors, and kinetics of the Michaelis-Menten type. Examples of the use of the equations are illustrated with experimental data from scientific publications.

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