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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1987 Jun 30;145(3):1142-8.

Occurrence of the HNK-1 epitope (3-sulfoglucuronic acid) in PC12 pheochromocytoma cells, chromaffin granule membranes, and chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans.


After biosynthetic labeling of sulfated glycoproteins in rat and goldfish brain and PC12 pheochromocytoma cells with sodium [35S]sulfate, it was observed that all of the bands reactive with the HNK-1 antibody on immunoblots of sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gels corresponded with sulfate-labeled proteins detected by fluorography. These results support data from other studies, which indicate that the HNK-1 epitope is a 3-sulfo-glucuronic acid residue. In addition to its presence in a wide range of nervous tissue glycoproteins, the HNK-1 epitope was also detected in chromaffin granule membranes, chondroitinase ABC, and in chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans of brain, cartilage, and chondrosarcoma. However, it is not present in the heparan sulfate proteoglycan of brain, or in either of two chondroitin sulfate/dermatan sulfate proteoglycans in the chromaffin granule matrix.

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