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Anesth Analg. 1987 Jul;66(7):625-8.

Midazolam as an induction agent in children: a pharmacokinetic and clinical study.

Abstract

The pharmacokinetics of midazolam was studied in 21 children undergoing elective surgery at five different dose levels for induction of general anesthesia and were compared with a control group (n = 6) given thiopental, 5 mg/kg. The clearance of midazolam was found to be dose-related. The elimination half-life varied from 0.79 to 2.83 hr, which is shorter than in adult patients. Even a dose of 0.6 mg/kg midazolam was found to be unreliable as an agent for induction of anesthesia. Compared with thiopental 5 mg/kg, significantly longer times of onset to closing of the eyes (P less than 0.01) and the disappearance of eyelid reflex (P less than 0.01) were seen with midazolam.

PMID:
3605671
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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