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Toxicol Appl Pharmacol. 1987 Jun 30;89(2):149-57.

Quantitative evaluation of the metabolic interactions between trichloroethylene and 1,1-dichloroethylene in vivo using gas uptake methods.

Abstract

Gas uptake simulation methods were used to determine kinetic constants for trichloroethylene (TCE) and 1,1-dichloroethylene (1,1-DCE) metabolism in vivo in male Fischer 344 rats. Both are metabolized by single, saturable, oxidative pathways with high-affinity substrate binding. The allometrically scaled maximum velocities (Vmaxc) for TCE and 1,1-DCE were, respectively, 11 and 7.5 mg/hr (i.e., 84 and 77 mumol/hr). Gas uptake studies were also conducted with three mixed atmosphere exposures with the following initial concentrations in parts per million: 500 (1,1-DCE):2000 (TCE); 500 (1,1-DCE):500 (TCE); and 2000 (1,1-DCE):500 (TCE). Mixture uptake curves were described by a system of equations in which a full physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PB-PK) model was provided for each chemical and each was regarded as an inhibitor of the other's metabolism. A generic model was developed to accommodate multiple mechanisms of inhibitory interactions, i.e., competitive, noncompetitive, or uncompetitive. An excellent correspondence was obtained between predicted and observed behavior when the inhibition was assumed to be purely competitive with binding constants for TCE and 1,1-DCE set to 0.25 and 0.10 mg/liter, respectively; i.e., in vivo 1,1-DCE is a slightly better substrate for microsomal oxidation than is TCE. The PB-PK model which was successful in describing the mixture data was used to predict conditions under which 1,1-DCE hepatotoxicity would be expected in coexposure to constant concentration atmospheres of these two chloroethylenes. These predictions were compared with data on the increases in plasma liver enzymes resulting from exposures to either 1,1-DCE alone or to 1,1-DCE in combination with TCE.

PMID:
3603553
DOI:
10.1016/0041-008x(87)90035-4
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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