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Neuroscience. 1987 Mar;20(3):835-43.

Mechanisms regulating the activity of facial nucleus motoneurons--III. Synaptic influences from the cerebral cortex and subcortical structures.

Abstract

Peculiarities of synaptic processes in facial motoneurons evoked by stimulation of various regions of the cerebral cortex and subcortical structures were studied in acute experiments on cats by intracellular recording technique. Stimulation of the motor cortex as well as gyrus proreus and pyramidal tract was shown to evoke polysynaptic excitatory and inhibitory postsynaptic potentials in facial motoneurons. Stimulation of the lateral hypothalamus produced exclusively excitatory polysynaptic effects. It was also found that stimulation of the head of nucleus caudatus and globus pallidus evokes a polysynaptic activation in facial motoneurons, while stimulation of nucleus amygdala centralis leads to mono- and polysynaptic excitation of these neurons. Convergence of the above effects on the same motoneurons is shown to exist. Possible pathways and mechanisms of descending influences on the activity of facial motoneurons is discussed.

PMID:
3601065
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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