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J Med Chem. 1987 Jul;30(7):1177-86.

Synthesis and 5-lipoxygenase inhibitory activity of 5-hydroperoxy-6,8,11,14-eicosatetraenoic acid analogues.


A series of eicosatetraenes (2-24) were designed, synthesized, and evaluated in vitro for inhibitory activity against 5-lipoxygenase (20000g supernatant from homogenized rat basophilic leukemia cells). All compounds were found to be active with the potencies (IC50's) ranging from 0.19 to 97 microM. Compounds containing the hydroxamic acid functionality (10-12) exhibited the best activity (IC50 = 0.19-2.8 microM). The most potent inhibitor was 5-[(hydroxyamino)carbonyl]methyl]-6,8,11,14-eicosatetraenoic acid (11), which was 10 times more active than the C-1 hydroxamates of arachidonic acid or 5-HETE. Cyclization of the linear eicosanoids 2 and 14 in the C-1 to C-5 region produced compounds (21 and 24, respectively) with several-fold greater potency.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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