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J Appl Physiol (1985). 1987 May;62(5):1907-11.

Temperature alters bronchial blood flow response to pulmonary arterial obstruction.


Lobar bronchial blood flow has been reported to increase and decrease acutely after pulmonary arterial obstruction (PAO). Because bronchial blood flow (Qbr) to the trachea and bronchi is influenced by inspired air temperature, we investigated whether temperature differences could explain these disparate results. In 10 open-chested dogs the left lower lobe (LLL) was isolated and perfused in situ with autologous blood at a controlled temperature with an independent vascular circuit. The abdomen and the chest of the dog were enclosed in a Plexiglas box in which air was fully humidified and temperature could be regulated. Qbr, determined by the reference flow technique using 16 micron microspheres, was measured before and 30 min after onset of PAO with the air in the box being either at 27 or 39 degrees C and with warmed LLL blood (37 degrees C) in the latter condition. Anastomotic bronchial blood flow [Qbr(s-p), determined as overflow from the closed LLL vascular circuit and measured in ml X min-1 X 100 g dry lung wt-1 X 100 Torr mean systemic pressure-1] was measured continuously at both temperatures. Both before and after PAO, Qbr and Qbr(s-p) were closely correlated: Qbr (ml/min) = 1.12 + 0.978Qbr(s-p); R = 0.912. This was true regardless of the presence or the absence of pulmonary flow, showing that the distribution of bronchial blood flow between the anastomotic and the nonanastomotic portion does not change acutely during PAO. When the air in the box was 27 degrees C, Qbr(s-p) was 19.5 +/- 5.2 (SE) and increased to 38.6 +/- 8.1 with PAO (P less than 0.007).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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