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Chemioterapia. 1987 Apr;6(2):113-9.

Pharmacokinetic evaluation of fosmidomycin, a new phosphonic acid antibiotic.


The pharmacokinetics of fosmidomycin in phase I with a total of 127 healthy male volunteers is described through single--and repeated--dose studies using oral and parenteral routes of administration. The study results indicate that fosmidomycin is well tolerated even when given in repeated doses of 8 g/day i.v. for 7 days, 4 g/day i.m. for 5 days, and 4 g/day p.o. for 7 days. The gastrointestinal absorption rate after oral dosing of 500 mg is in general about 20-40%, which can be calculated to be on average about 30% (in comparison with fosfomycin which is on average only about 11%). Absorption seems to be slow and moderate. In the single-dose studies, the mean peak serum concentrations were 2.45 micrograms/ml and 12.3 micrograms/ml after 500 mg p.o. and 7.5 mg/kg (ca. 500 mg) i.m. doses respectively. The mean concentration after 15 mg/kg (ca. 2.2 g) i.v. dose was 157 micrograms/ml at 0.25 h. The serum half-lives were 1.65 h, 1.58 h and 1.87 h after i.v., i.m. and p.o. doses respectively. The recovery rate in urine was 85.5%, 66.4% and 26% after i.v., i.m. and p.o. doses respectively. In repeated-dose studies, no serum accumulation could be observed after 1 g q6h for 5 days, 1 g q6h for 7 days or 2 g q6h for 7 days. Mean peak serum levels of 34.0-35.5 micrograms/ml were recorded at steady state. The serum protein binding found in man was less than 1%. Unmetabolized fosmidomycin was the only bioactive substance found in the urine.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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