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Arzneimittelforschung. 1987 Mar;37(3):364-7.

Effects of forskolin on left ventricular function in dilated cardiomyopathy.


The adenylate cyclase activator 17 beta-acetoxy-8, 13-epoxy-1 alpha,6 beta,9 alpha-trihydroxylabd-14-en-11-one (forskolin) was studied for its beneficial effect as therapeutic agent for the treatment of dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). In 7 DCM-patients with normal (group A) and 8 DCM-patients with pathological dP/dtmax-values (group B), we analyzed serially (computer-assisted) the pressure/volume (P/V) effects as P/V-loops (microtip catheter/Tc-99m scintigraphy) and on-line MV02 (indirectly: Bretschneider equation) under dobutamine, 10 micrograms/kg/min i.v., and forskolin, 3 micrograms/kg/min i.v. For the total group (A + B) there was no change of contractility during forskolin (p greater than 0.05); with dobutamine, however, it rose by an average of +25%. The preload decline was more pronounced with forskolin (LVEDP by -27%) as compared to dobutamine (by-19%); while left ventricular (LV-)function improved moderately only with forskolin (by +9%) and significantly (by +34%) with dobutamine. Thus, forskolin improved LV-function primarily via reduction of preload in DCM-hearts and without rising metabolic costs. Beneficial hemodynamic effects with forskolin are quantitatively less as compared to those with dobutamine (accompanied by higher MVO2-costs). It is concluded that residual myocardial reserves in DCM are mobilized by dobutamine rather than forskolin. Serial P/V-loop and on-line MVO2 registration aided in the demonstration of forskolin efficacy as compared to dobutamine.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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