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Virus Res. 1987 Apr;7(2):131-49.

Topological organization of Sindbis virus capsid protein in isolated nucleocapsids.


Sindbis virus nucleocapsids were isolated from mature virions by a two-step purification method. Detergent-treated virions were sedimented in sucrose gradients and the nucleocapsid peaks chromatographed on RNase-free Sephadex G-200. The purified nucleocapsids displayed several morphologies when examined in the electron microscope. These morphologies, and the results of double-angle shadowing, suggest that the core of this enveloped virus has the shape of a regular icosahedron with a triangulation number of 4. Peptide mapping of capsid protein obtained from nucleocapsids that had been radioiodinated by a variety of means, indicated that of the four tyrosine residues in the protein, only Tyr180 was exposed at the surface of the icosahedral structure. The other three residues were not exposed on the outer surface of the nucleocapsid shell, nor on the surface of capsid protein itself, implying that they were buried within the folded protein.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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