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Arch Microbiol. 1978 Aug 1;118(2):207-18.

Pole cap formation in Escherichia coli following induction of the maltose-binding protein.


After induction with maltose, 30--40% of the total protein in the osmotic shock fluid consist of maltose-binding protein while the induction ratio (maltose versus glycerol grown cells) for the amount of binding protein synthesized as well as for maltose transport is in the order of 10. Induction of maltose transport does not occur during all times of the cell cycle, but only shortly before cell division. Electronmicroscopic analysis of cells grown logarithmically on glycerol or maltose revealed in the latter the formation of large pole caps. These pole caps arise from an enlargement of the periplasmic space. Small cells contain one pole cap, large cells contain two. Pulse label studies with strain BUG-6, a mutant that is temperature sensitive for cell division reveal the following: Growth at the non-permissive temperature prevents maltose-binding protein synthesis and formation of new transport capacity. After shifting to the permissive temperature the cells regain both functions. Simultaneously, the newly formed cells exhibit pole caps. We conclude that the induction of maltose-binding protein is responsible for the formation of pole caps. In addition, beside the presence of inducer, cell cycle events occuring during division are necessary for the synthesis of maltose-binding protein.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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