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J Endocrinol. 1987 May;113(2):183-92.

A novel technique for measuring hypothalamic and pituitary hormone secretion rates from collection of pituitary venous effluent in the normal horse.


We have described a novel technique for collecting pituitary venous effluent in the horse by placing a cannula in the intercavernous sinus close to the outlet of the pituitary veins using a venous pathway unique to equids. Cannula placement and blood collection are carried out painlessly in fully conscious, ambulatory, unstressed animals. There is no interference to hypothalamic, pituitary or target organ function. The blood collected contains readily measurable concentrations of gonadotrophin-releasing hormone, and LH concentrations which can be up to 40 times those in concurrent peripheral blood samples. Four millilitre blood samples, a quantity which permits simultaneous measurement of many hypothalamic and pituitary hormones, can be collected at 2-min intervals for several days. Intercavernous sinus blood flow can be calculated allowing secretion rates of hypothalamic and pituitary hormones to be determined for any time-period. This model is uniquely useful for investigating the normal functional characteristics of several neuroendocrine and endocrine systems.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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