Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Immunol. 1987 Jun 1;138(11):3590-7.

Defective lymphopoiesis in the bone marrow of motheaten (me/me) and viable motheaten (mev/mev) mutant mice. II. Description of a microenvironmental defect for the generation of terminal deoxynucleotidyltransferase-positive bone marrow cells in vitro.


We have presented evidence in a previous paper that the development of prothymocytes, pre-B cells, and TdT+ lymphoid precursor cells in the bone marrow of motheaten (me/me) and viable motheaten (mev/mev) mice is defective. In the present study, we have used a selective culture system that supports the generation of rat- and mouse-origin TdT+ bone marrow lymphoid cells in vitro to further investigate the early stages of lymphopoiesis in me/me and mev/mev mice. The results demonstrate that bone marrow stromal cell feeder layers derived from me/me and mev/mev mice do not support the growth of rat TdT+ cells in vitro, whereas stromal cell feeder layers from heterozygous (+/-) littermates and wild type (+/+) control mice do. Moreover, composite feeder layers formed by mixing as few as one part me/me and mev/mev bone marrow cells with 7 to 9 parts +/- littermate bone marrow cells also fail to effectively support the generation of TdT+ cells in vitro. In contrast to me/me and mev/mev mice, other mutant mouse models of autoimmune (NZB, NZB/W), immunodeficient (nu/nu), and hemopoietic (W/Wv, Sl/Sld) disorders form feeder layers that support normal to elevated levels of TdT+ cell growth in vitro. Thus, to date, only the me/me and mev/mev mutant mice have been found to lack the appropriate microenvironment for the generation of TdT+ bone marrow cells. Histologic analysis of the stromal cell feeder layers that are formed in our culture system shows that multilayered cellular patches, which normally are the most active sites of TdT+ cell development in vitro, are absent in feeder layers of me/me and mev/mev cells. Moreover, feeder layers from mev/mev mice contain a population of MAC 1+, basophilic, nonvacuolated, macrophage-like cells; whereas feeder layers from control mice contain MAC 1+, eosinophilic, vacuolated macrophage-like cells. Stromal cell feeder layers formed by mixtures of me/me or mev/mev and control mouse bone marrow cells contain numerous multilayered cellular patches and vacuolated mononuclear cells, but also contain large numbers of basophilic mononuclear cells. These composite feeder layers have a disproportionately reduced capacity to support the generation of TdT+ cells in vitro. Although the stromal microenvironment of me/me and mev/mev bone marrow does not support the growth of TdT+ cells in vivo or in vitro, the bone marrow from these mutant mice contains detectable numbers of pre-TdT+ cells. Thus, when cultured on normal mouse feeder layers, mutant mouse bone marrow rapidly generates TdT+ cells in vitro, albeit at significantly reduced levels as compared to +/- littermate controls.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Support Center