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Biochem Pharmacol. 1987 May 1;36(9):1467-73.

Micro-vacuolation in rat brains after long term administration of GABA-transaminase inhibitors. Comparison of effects of ethanolamine-O-sulphate and vigabatrin.


Two "suicide" inhibitors of GABA-aminotransferase which are known to raise the concentration of GABA in vivo and to have anti-convulsant properties, have been compared for the extent to which they produce micro-vacuoles in the brains of rats. The compounds gamma-vinyl-GABA (Vigabatrin) and ethanolamine-O-sulphate were administered orally for six months to rats at doses that produced the same increase in brain GABA levels. Micro-vacuolation was found to be present in the brains of animals treated with either compound but to be more severe in those treated with Vigabatrin. A quantitative assessment using computerised image analysis revealed that both the number of vacuoles, and the area occupied by them, was twice as high in the Vigabatrin treated animals as in those treated with ethanolamine-O-sulphate. This quantitative difference could be seen to be due to the fact that in the Vigabatrin treated animals the vacuoles extended into the white matter tracts between the cerebellar folia whereas in those animals treated with ethanolamine-O-sulphate it was confined to the roof nucleus.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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