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J Am Geriatr Soc. 1987 Jun;35(6):503-11.

Medications and diagnoses in relation to falls in a long-term care facility.


The association between falls, drugs, and diagnoses in elderly residents of a long-term care facility was explored using case-control methodology. The odds of being a faller rather than a control were significant (P less than .01) for those taking antidepressants, sedatives/hypnotics, or vasodilators, and for those with osteoarthritis or depression. When drug/diagnosis subgroups were examined, these same drug classes and diagnoses had high-odds ratios in the largest numbers of subgroups. In general, risk of falling appeared to be more strongly associated with drugs than with diagnoses.

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