Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Int J Epidemiol. 1987 Mar;16(1):91-7.

Control of epidemic group A meningococcal meningitis in Nepal.


During the first six months of 1983, an epidemic of serogroup A meningococcal meningitis occurred in the Kathmandu valley of Nepal, resulting in 875 cases and 95 deaths. The annual attack rate was 103 cases per 100,000 population, with a peak attack rate occurring in April. Epidemic meningococcal disease had not been recognized previously in Nepal. Early in 1984, a review of hospital-based data on pyogenic meningitis in Kathmandu showed three times as many cases per month compared with the same period the previous year, suggesting that a recurrent epidemic was unfolding. Beginning in February 1984, a vaccination campaign directed at a high-risk target population of people aged 1-24 years was launched; over 329,000 doses of bivalent A/C meningococcal vaccine were given, achieving approximately 64% coverage of the target population. A dramatic decline in the number of new meningitis cases occurred coincident with the initiation of the mass vaccination campaign. This experience demonstrates that it is possible, with appropriate surveillance efforts, to detect an evolving epidemic of meningococcal disease early in its course and to institute control measures in advance of the expected epidemic peak.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons


    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Support Center