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J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 1987 Apr;93(4):533-8.

Postoperative functional assessment of a modified surgical approach to repair of tetralogy of Fallot.


Since February 1982, we have used a modified technique to repair tetralogy of Fallot with transatrial closure of the ventricular septal defect, a short infundibular incision with avoidance of muscle resection, and anterior expansion of the right ventricular outflow tract using a patch in every case. The pulmonary anulus is approached in the usual manner. Twenty-six patients have had repair with this technique without mortality, and 20 patients (Group 1) have been evaluated 1 to 3 years postoperatively. Their results are compared with those of all patients followed up in our division who had had repair by the traditional technique in the 5 years before February 1982, with the same evaluation within 4 years of operation (Group 2, n = 22). Ten of 20 patients in Group 1 and 14 of 22 in Group 2 required a transannular patch. At cardiac catheterization, right ventricular outflow tract obstruction was effectively relieved in both groups (right ventricular systolic pressure [mean +/- standard error], Group 1 versus Group 2, 45 +/- 5 versus 49 +/- 4 mm Hg). No patient with the modified technique had a residual ventricular septal defect. By M-mode echocardiography, right ventricular-left ventricular end-diastolic dimension ratio was significantly lower for Group 1 patients (0.58 +/- 0.03 versus 0.78 +/- 0.04; normal less than 0.45; p less than 0.001). With radionuclide ventriculography, right ventricular ejection fractions were significantly higher for Group 1 patients with the modified repair (38% +/- 2.2% versus 33% +/- 1.8%; normal greater than or equal to 45%; p less than 0.05). Because the incidence of obligatory pulmonary insufficiency caused by transannular patch is similar in both groups, these results cannot be directly attributed to the presence of pulmonary insufficiency alone. With ambulatory electrocardiographic monitoring, no patient in Group 1 had any ventricular premature contractions whatsoever, whereas six of 22 patients in Group 2 had demonstrable ventricular premature contractions. These results suggest that in children with tetralogy of Fallot, right ventricular outflow tract obstruction can be effectively relieved with this modified approach with improved early preservation of right ventricular function.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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