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J Trauma. 1987 Mar;27(3):243-9.

Influence of hematocrit on cardiopulmonary function after acute hemorrhage.

Abstract

The 'optimal' hematocrit to which patients should be resuscitated after shock and trauma is controversial. To test the hypothesis that sufficient oxygen delivery can be provided at a lower hematocrit without impairing oxygen consumption or hemodynamic function, 25 patients were prospectively studied immediately following injury and/or acute hemorrhage. Patients were randomized to have their hematocrits (HCT) maintained near 30% (29.7 +/- 0.4% (M +/- SEM); n = 12) or 40% (38.4 +/- 0.6%, n = 13). Cardiopulmonary parameters were measured twice a day for 3 days. Statistical analysis used a repeated measures analysis of variance with patient age, and ventilator parameters (FIO2, PEEP, and ventilator mode) as covariates. Arterial and venous O2 saturations were not significantly different at different hematocrits, although arterial and venous O2 contents were lower at 30% HCT (a = 14.1 +/- 0.2 m10(2)/dl, v = 10.1 +/- 0.3 m10(2)/dl; vs. a = 17.4 +/- 0.4 m10(2)/dl, v = 13.6 +/- 0.6 m10(2)/dl; p less than 0.05). This resulted in a lower oxygen delivery at the lower HCT. Between the two groups, there also was no significant difference in cardiac index (overall mean, 3.64 +/- 0.16 ml/min/m2), heart rate (99 +/- 4 bpm), systemic vascular resistance (1,058 +/- 55 dyne-sec/cm5), or left ventricular stroke work index (4.3 +/- 0.3 X 10(6) dyne-cm/m2). Intrapulmonary shunt was higher with higher hematocrit (22.6 +/- 2.4% at 40% HCT vs. 14.6 +/- 1.6% at 30% HCT; p less than 0.05) with no difference in end-expiratory pressure.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

PMID:
3560265
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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