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Gene. 1986;48(1):109-18.

The hypervariable region in the genes coding for entomopathogenic crystal proteins of Bacillus thuringiensis: nucleotide sequence of the kurhd1 gene of subsp. kurstaki HD1.


One of the genes for the entomophatogenic crystal protein of Bacillus thuringiensis (subsp. kurstaki strain HD1) has been cloned in Escherichia coli, and its nucleotide sequence determined completely. The gene is contained within a 4360-bp-long HpaI-PstI DNA restriction fragment and codes for a polypeptide of 1,155 amino acid residues. The protoxin protein has a predicted Mr of 130,625. The E. coli-derived protoxin gene product is biologically active against Heliothis virescens larvae in a biotest assay. Extensive computer comparisons with other published B. thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki strains HD1, HD73, and B. thuringiensis subsp. sotto gene sequences reveal hypervariable regions in the first half of the protoxin coding sequence. These regions are responsible for the biological activity of the protein product of the cloned gene, and may explain the different biological activities of these different protoxins.

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