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Exp Cell Res. 1987 Apr;169(2):490-501.

Localization of a gene involved in complementation of the defect in xeroderma pigmentosum group A cells on human chromosome 1.


Human, Chinese hamster or Chinese hamster/human hybrid cytoplasts were fused with UV-irradiated xeroderma pigmentosum group A (XP-A) cells. Unscheduled DNA synthesis (UDS) of the XP-A nucleus was measured 0-2 and 2-4 h after seeding of the fused population. Human cytoplasts did correct the defect in the XP-A nucleus immediately after fusion, whereas the chinese hamster cytoplasts did not show this rapid increase in excision repair. The results obtained after fusion of cytoplasts isolated from a panel of 26 Chinese hamster-human hybrids showed that chromosome 1 bears genetic information that is necessary for the rapid correction of the XP-A defect. Furthermore, this genetic information was regionally assigned to 1q42-qter by analysing hybrid cell lines having retained various segments of chromosome 1. Cytoplasts from a Chinese hamster/XP-A hybrid containing chromosome 1 of XP-A origin corrected also the defect with fast kinetics. This result indicate that the correcting factor consists of human and Chinese hamster components. As a consequence, the gene mapped on chromosome 1 may not be the gene which is mutated in XP-A cells.

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