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Kidney Int. 1987 Jan;31(1):135-41.

Na+, K+, and BP homeostasis in man during furosemide: effects of prazosin and captopril.


Furosemide increases sodium (Na+) and potassium (K+) excretion but if dietary salt is provided, a compensatory reduction in Na+ and K+ excretion follows which restores neutral balances within 18 to 24 hours. This compensation is not interrupted by blockade of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAA) alone with captopril. Since plasma norepinephrine concentration increases after furosemide and alpha 1 adrenoreceptors can mediate enhanced Na+ reabsorption, we administered prazosin (2 mg 6 hr-1) to six normal volunteers consuming a daily intake of 270 mmol of Na+ and 75 mmol of K+, and added captopril (25 mg 6 hr-1) for an additional day to block the RAA system concurrently. Furosemide (40 mg day-1) was given for the last four days. Prazosin given alone before the diuretic reduced (P less than 0.05) BP and plasma angiotensin II (AII) concentration and increased body weight and heart rate. However, when given with furosemide, neither prazosin nor prazosin with captopril modified the short-term natriuretic or kaliuretic responses to furosemide, or the ensuing compensatory reductions in Na+ and K+ excretion. Accordingly, cumulative balances for Na+ and K+ remained neutral over four days of diuretic administration. Neither drug altered the renal responsiveness to the diuretic which was assessed from the relationship between renal Na+ and K+ excretion and diuretic elimination. Although the BP was maintained when furosemide was given alone, when given with prazosin and captopril, the mean BP fell by 13 +/- 5 mm Hg (P less than 0.05).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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