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J Mol Biol. 1986 Dec 5;192(3):549-56.

Nucleotide sequence of the phoR gene, a regulatory gene for the phosphate regulon of Escherichia coli.


Genes in the phosphate regulon of Escherichia coli are positively regulated by the products of the phoB and phoR genes with limited phosphate, and negatively regulated by the product of the phoR gene with excess phosphate. We present here the complete nucleotide sequence of the phoR gene. Together with the DNA sequence of the upstream phoB gene that we determined previously, this region shows the following features. The flanking regions of the operon are abundant in A-T base-pairs. A possible stem-and-loop structure of the transcript followed by several U residues characteristic of rho-independent transcriptional terminators was distal to the phoR coding region. The operon is probably composed of only two cistrons. The nucleotide sequence of phoR indicates that its protein consists of 431 amino acid residues and has a molecular weight of 49,666. The amino acid sequence of the PhoR protein has significant homology with that of the EnvZ protein, which is a regulator for the omp regulon. Therefore, the sequences of the PhoB and PhoR proteins have considerable homologies with those of the OmpR and EnvZ proteins, respectively, indicating that the two operons share a common ancestor. The PhoR protein contains an extensive hydrophobic region in the amino-terminal portion. Thus the protein may be a membrane protein and function as a component of a signal transducer.

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