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J Pediatr. 1987 Apr;110(4):647-52.

Improvements in self-concept after treatment of nocturnal enuresis: randomized controlled trial.


To determine whether changes in attitude and behavior occur after treatment of nocturnal enuresis, we randomly assigned 121 children aged 8 to 14 years to receive conditioning therapy (n = 66) or a 3-month waiting period (n = 55). All children completed the Piers-Harris Self-Concept Scale (P-H), the State-Trait Anxiety Scale (STAIC), and the Nowicki-Strickland Locus of Control test (NSLC) at entry and after treatment or delay. Parents completed the Achenbach Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL). There were no significant group differences in background demographic variables. Significant improvements in the P-H Scale (P = 0.04) and three of its subscales occurred in children in the treatment group compared with those in whom treatment was delayed. The changes were greatest for those who had the largest decreases in wetting frequency. Changes in CBCL, STAIC, and NSLC scores were not statistically significant. We conclude that there may be mental health benefits in children helped to master the symptom of enuresis, which in this age group is probably a chronic stressor.

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