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J Allergy Clin Immunol. 1987 Apr;79(4):653-9.

Effect of long-term treatment with inhaled corticosteroids and beta-agonists on the bronchial responsiveness in children with asthma.


Airway inflammation is assumed to be an important determinant in increased bronchial responsiveness (BR). We tested the hypothesis that treatment with an inhaled anti-inflammatory drug (i.e., budesonide) but not with an inhaled beta-agonist (i.e., terbutaline) would reduce BR in children with asthma and with minimal or no bronchoconstriction. Twelve patients were treated with budesonide and seven with terbutaline for 6 months. BR decreased in 11 patients receiving budesonide and was significant in seven patients. BR decreased in none of the patients receiving terbutaline. FEV1 demonstrated a small increase with budesonide but remained unchanged with terbutaline. Except in one patient who received terbutaline, the clinical effect was good. We conclude that inhaled corticosteroids but not inhaled beta-agonists will decrease persistent BR in most children with asthma.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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