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J Appl Bacteriol. 1986 Dec;61(6):541-5.

Evaluation of a commercial beta-glucuronidase test for the rapid and economical identification of Escherichia coli.

Abstract

A commercial beta-glucuronidase (beta-GUR) test for the rapid and economical identification of Escherichia coli was evaluated. A total of 762 clinical strains and 228 environmental isolates were studied. More than 95% of the E. coli strains were found to be beta-GUR positive. Thirty-one clinical isolates of Shigella sonnei, 10 of Enterobacter cloacae, eight of Enterobacter aerogenes, nine of Citrobacter freundii and one of Salmonella enteritidis also gave positive results. The enzyme beta-GUR was also detected in two environmental strains of E. cloacae and one C. freundii. A comparative study between the beta-GUR test and the conventional identification system was carried out in 233 consecutive isolates of lactose positive enterobacteria. Agreement was observed in 223 cases and 190 E. coli strains were correctly identified using this test. Discrepancies were found in 10 cases: nine E. coli were beta-GUR negative and one C. freundii was beta-GUR positive. Escherichia coli was the only species positive for both beta-GUR and indole tests. This procedure permits a rapid, easy, precise and inexpensive identification of E. coli. beta-GUR positive Enterobacter strains have not previously been described.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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