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Ear Hear. 1987 Feb;8(1):12-20.

Infant hearing screening: program implementation and validation.


Congenital and early-onset hearing losses were discovered in 6.1% of 975 Intensive Care Nursery (ICN) graduates. The methods used were neonatal screening by Crib-O-Gram (COG) and high risk register, in combination with repeated behavioral hearing tests at 1 to 3 years. This 7-year longitudinal study had follow-up hearing evaluations for a remarkably high 84% of all subjects. Significant losses that interfered with speech and language development (1000 to 8000 Hz average loss greater than 45 dB HL bilaterally) were found in 4.3% of infants. COG in combination with subsequent behavioral hearing screening was a sensitive strategy for detecting significant hearing loss: only one child was missed with this combination. Alone, COG sensitivity to significant hearing losses was 79.3%, but would have been higher had a stricter passing criterion been adopted. Behavioral hearing screenings detected bilateral hearing losses of even mild (greater than 20 dB HL) degree. Sensitivity to significant hearing losses was 82.6% and would have been improved if test frequencies greater than 3000 Hz were included in the screen. Even if screening failure occurred at 1 year of age, the age of actual confirmation of hearing loss depended on severity of the loss and ear involvement. Significant hearing losses were confirmed earlier than less severe or unilateral losses. Although behavioral screenings could be done during the first year of life, continued follow-up was required to detect progressive hearing losses.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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