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J Parasitol. 1986 Dec;72(6):830-6.

Stage-dependent inhibition of chloroquine on Plasmodium falciparum in vitro.


Morphological observation of the life cycle of the malaria parasite, Plasmodium falciparum, in highly synchronous cultures after an exposure to therapeutic concentrations of chloroquine in ring, trophozoite and schizont stages, respectively, were carried out in order to determine the influence of chloroquine on the growth of the different stages of the malarial parasites. It was found that chloroquine could not affect merozoite invasion of the erythrocytes; the ring stage was more sensitive to chloroquine than the trophozoite and schizont stages; and chloroquine in therapeutic concentrations prevented only the transformation of rings to trophozoites and could not affect the transformations of trophozoites to schizonts and schizonts to new rings. The determination of the IC50 of chloroquine showed that the IC50 of trophozoites was about 6 times as high as that of rings.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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