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Parasite Immunol. 1986 Nov;8(6):551-64.

Cellular mechanisms involved in recovery from acute malaria in Gambian children.

Abstract

This paper reports the results of in vitro experiments which attempt to elucidate the mechanisms whereby Gambian children control acute infections of Plasmodium falciparum. It was shown initially that mononuclear cells from children with acute malaria, in the presence of specific antibody, caused a marked reduction in in vitro parasite growth. IgM antibodies appeared to be considerably more effective than IgG. T or B lymphocytes were ineffective in the system; adherent cells alone had some effect, but much less than the unfractionated cell population. Adherent cells were however fully effective after exposure to supernatants from T cells activated either non-specifically by phytohaemagglutinin (PHA), or specifically by P. falciparum antigens. Depression of parasite growth was also observed, independent of anti-malarial antibody. This was achieved when adherent cells from healthy Europeans, as well as those from infected children, were exposed to the supernatants from previously stimulated T cells before adding to the culture. Furthermore, intra-erythrocytic parasite death occurred after a short exposure to the supernatants of 'activated' adherent cells from both infected children and Europeans.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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