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Biochemistry. 1986 Nov 18;25(23):7774-81.

Two-dimensional 1H NMR studies of histidine-containing protein from Escherichia coli. 3. Secondary and tertiary structure as determined by NMR.


Sequence-specific resonance assignments of the 1H NMR spectrum of the 85-residue histidine-containing phosphocarrier protein (HPr) are complete [Klevit, R. E., Drobny, G. P., & Waygood, E. B. (1986) Biochemistry (first paper of three in this issue)]. Additional side-chain assignments have been made with long-range coherence transfer experiments [Klevit, R. E., & Drobny, G. P. (1986) Biochemistry (second paper of three in this issue)]. In this paper, the NMR assignments were used to determine the secondary structure and the tertiary folding of HPr in solution. The secondary structural elements of the protein were determined by visual inspection of the pattern of nearest-neighbor nuclear Overhauser effects (NOEs) and the presence of persistent amide resonances. Escherichia coli HPr consists of four beta-strands, three alpha-helices, four reverse turns, and several regions of extended backbone structure. Long-range NOEs, especially among side-chain protons, were used to determine the tertiary structure of the protein by use of the secondary structural components. The four beta-strands form a single antiparallel beta-pleated sheet. The hydrophobic faces of the alpha-helices interact to form a hydrophobic core and sit above the hydrophobic face of the beta-sheet, forming an open-face beta-sheet sandwich structure. The active site histidine, His-15, is on a short kinked segment of backbone that is accessible to the solvent. The positively charged phosphorylation site (His-15 and Arg-17) interacts with the negatively charged carboxyl terminus of the protein (Glu-85).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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