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Leuk Res. 1986;10(12):1469-75.

Standard conditioning regimen and T-depleted donor bone marrow for transplantation in chronic myeloid leukemia.

Abstract

Between January 1984 to June 1985, 18 Ph1 positive chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) patients in chronic phase (CP) underwent allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT) from HLA identical and MLC negative siblings. The median age was 32.5 yr and median disease duration of CML at time of BMT was 19.3 months. The pretransplant conditioning regimen consisted of cyclophosphamide (CTX) (120 mg/kg) and 10.20 Gy total body irradiation (TBI) at 6 doses of 1.7 Gy each, administered in 3 daily fractions over 2 days at a dose rate of 15-20 cGy/min. To prevent graft-vs-host disease (GvHD) we used methotrexate (MTX) in one patient and cyclosporin-A (CYA) in the other 17 patients. In addition to CYA, given until day +365, 10 patients received donor marrow depleted of T cells with CAMPATH-1. The residual marrow lymphocytes were always less than 1%. The rate of engraftment was significantly correlated with the number of nucleated cells infused. Neither GvHD nor graft failure were observed among CAMPATH-1 patients. In this group one cytogenetic and one hematologic relapse occurred. The overall actuarial survival at 24 months is 78%. Of the 10 patients treated with donor marrow depleted of T cells, 9 are alive after a median follow-up of 9 months (range 5-18), with an actuarial survival of 90%. Of the other 8 patients transplanted with untreated marrow, 5 are alive after a median follow-up of 19.3 months (range 3.7-24) and the actuarial survival is 63.8%. This pilot study seems to demonstrate that T-cell depletion of donor bone marrow with CAMPATH-1 is effective to prevent GvHD, while the risk of graft failure can be avoided using a "standard" conditioning regimen including a fractionated TBI with a fast dose rate and a prolonged administration of CYA at the maximum tolerable dosage. While the high frequency of relapses suggests the employ of more aggressive anti-leukemic conditioning regimens in CAMPATH-1 treated marrow recipients.

PMID:
3540463
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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